Mohács (Croatian: Mohač, Serbian: Мохач, German: Mohatsch) is a town in South Hungary in county Baranya upon the Danube river.
The majority of town is Hungarian and there are living, Croatian (mainly Sokac), Serbian, Roma and German minority. They are living along each other for hundreds of years ago.
Mohács is famous about the battle in 1526 when the Hungarian and their allied armies fought against the Ottoman Turkish empire. The Hungarians have been defeated. After this battle the Ottomans occupied the third part of the ancient Hungarian Kingdom for 150 years.
Mohács has a famous cultural heritage called „Busójárás”.
The Busó festivities are a six-day carnival to mark the end of winter, named for the busós, frightening-looking costumed people (traditionally men) wearing wooden masks and big woolly cloaks. The festival is multifaceted, including a children’s costume contest, a display of the art of mask carvers and other craftspeople, the arrival of more than 500 busós in rowboats on the Danube for a march through the city alongside horse-drawn or motorized fantasy vehicles, the burning of a coffin symbolizing winter on a bonfire in the central square, and feasts and music throughout the city. The tradition originated with the Croatian minority in Mohács, but today the busó is a general emblem of the city and a commemoration of the great events of its history. More than a social event, the carnival is an expression of belonging to a city, a social group and a nation. It plays an important social role by offering a chance for self-expression in a communal setting. The arts underlying the festivities are preserved by self-organized groups of busós of all cultural backgrounds, many of whom pass on the techniques of mask carving and ritual celebration to younger generations.
István Bárácz (Croatian: Stipan Barac)
1926 - 2000
As a famous musician in Mohács, Hungary (Croatian: Stipan Barac) was a prominent person in the southern Slavic folklore and musical culture in Mohács as well as in southern Hungary.